The Magazine

November, 1894, Page: 1

Image Dimensions: 32 x 24 cms

Page Dimensions: 32 x 25.5 cms

Artist:

Title: A Pond

Date: 1894

Inscription: Drawing, pencil and watercolour on grey paper, 32 x 24 cm, [removed from The Magazine by 1968, reinstated in 1980s] signed bottom left “FRAN– / CES. / MACDO / NALD”; dated. left and right vertically: “NOVE / MBER. / 1894”.; inscribed bottom: “A POND”

Keywords: symbolism; figures; dragonflies; ponds; art nouveau

Material: Pencil and watercolour

Commentary: This is one of the strongest early designs in the Glasgow Style which would have helped it to earn the title, “the Spook School”. It depicts creatures beneath the surface of a pond: tadpoles and anthropomorphic figures which possibly represent dragonfly nymphs. Macdonald’s figure style owes much to a reproduction of a work The Three Brides by the Dutch artist Jan Toorop (1858–1928) in the Rijksmuseum Kröller–Müller, Otterlo, which she saw in The Studio.1 (September, 1893) p. 247.