The Magazine

November, 1894, Page: 5

Image Dimensions: 28.2 x 13.3 cms

Page Dimensions: 32 x 25.5 cms

Artist:

Title: Autumn

Date: 1894

Inscription: Drawing, pencil and watercolour on light brown paper, 28.2 x 13.3 cm, attached to page of blue–green paper and inscribed vertically left: “AUTUMN” and signed and dated vertically, right “CHAS. R. MACKINTOSH NOVEMBER 1894”

Keywords: coats of arms; Glasgow; symbolism; autumn; seasons; figures; trees; art nouveau

Material: Pencil and watercolour

Commentary: The figure is probably an anthropomorphic personification of Autumn standing within, and forming part of, a tree. The red circle surrounding it might represent the the colour of Autumn foliage or the waning power of the sun at this time of the year. The tree is also a reference to the Glasgow Coat of Arms, from which the fish, and bell at the top of the drawing are also taken. The design was further developed to form the basis of Mackintosh’s large ‘Scottish Musical Review’ poster of 1896.